AWD vs. 4WD vs. 2WD Vehicles

AWD vs. 4WD vs. 2WD Vehicles

Lately, driving technology has been geared towards giving the driver the best in terms of speed, stability, and vehicle control. Cars now come equipped with engine modifications that are designed to enhance the performance of the vehicle and mitigate any exterior difficulties for the driver.

2-Wheel Drive (2WD)
2-Wheel Drive, or 2WD technology, is one that has been most commonly incorporated into vehicles in the last few years.

Front-Wheel Drive
Most special utility vehicles have been designed with an engine that primarily powers the front two wheels. These cars are built to gain maximum stability in difficult terrain and rely on the solidity of the front wheels to overcome the inconsistencies on the road.

When a car moves uphill, a majority of the vehicle’s weight rests upon the forward wheels. Having a solid power structure in the front allows the driver to gain momentum in these rocky surfaces.

Rear Wheel Drive
Rear-wheel drive technology, as the name suggests, is packed with an engine that shifts power to the rear wheels. Stability in the rear side of the car is needed by vehicles like pick-up trucks as they are meant to have towing prowess and loading capacity.

All Wheel Drive (AWD)
An AWD car is one wherein the engine powers each of the four wheels in accordance with the traction required by the vehicle. These vehicles are best suited for a variety of terrain. An AWD car can easily maneuver on surfaces like ice, gravel, and sand. AWD vehicles use intelligent technology that can overcome the uneven distribution of weight over the four wheels and enhance the driving experience.

4 Wheel Drive (4WD)
Although 4WD is often confused to be the same as the AWD, the two engines have some differences. 4WD vehicles are powered to utilize either the front and rear or the left and right pair of wheels to work together to provide maximum grip and stability.

In difficult terrains like shallow waters and rocky surfaces, 4WD technology gives the driver the option of using either a high-gear or low-gear mode to give both torque and speed as and when required.